Discounted Payback Period Definition

Discounted Payback Period Definition

Discounted Payback Period

You’re probably wondering why Rick has gone to the trouble of all this math to get what seems like a simple answer. The ordinary or simple payback period is indeed a very simplified version of this concept. If Rick took the $45,000 in cash flow each year and applied that against the $140,000 investment he would simply calculate $140,000 / $45,000 and get 3.11 years to break even.

The payback period will be the same whether or not you apply a discount rate. Note that period 0 doesn’t need to be discounted because that is the initial investment. Now, we can take the results from this equation and move on to the next step.

Discounted Payback Period

The discounted payback period is used to measure the feasibility of particular projects with greater accuracy than the basic payback equation, which does not discount future payments. The discounted payback period is the time it will take to receive a full recovery on an investment that has a discount rate. To better understand this concept, let’s look at the individual parts. A regular payback period is an estimate of the length of time that it will take for an investment to generate enough cash flow to pay back the full amount of the cash invested. This is assuming that the investment would make regular payments to repay the money. This has been a guide to the discounted payback period and its meaning.

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If the payback period calculated as above is less than the minimum acceptable then the decision should be to procure the new equipment. Accept the project because the adjusted payback period is shorter than the target maximum payback period of 3 years. Accept the project, as the adjusted payback period is 1.79, which is shorter than the target period of 3 years. Turn down the project, as the target payback period is 3, which is shorter than the adjusted payback period of 3.79. Accept the project, as the target payback period is 3, which is shorter than the adjusted payback period of 2.32.

A business would accept projects if the discounted cash flows pay for the initial investment in a set amount of time. The discounted payback method tells companies about the time period in which the initially invested funds to start a project would be recovered by the discounted value of total cash inflow. Additionally, it indicates towards the potential profitability of a certain business venture. Once the discounted cash flows for each period of the project are calculated, subtraction should be continued until the value of zero is reached. The time period it takes to reach zero is the discounted payback period. The discounted payback method still does not offer concrete decision criteria to determine if an investment increases a firm’s value.

Multiply the expected annual cash inflows in each year in the table by the applicable discount rate, using the same interest rate for all of the periods in the table. No discount rate is applied to the initial investment, since it occurs at once. The main difference between the two periods is that Discounted Payback Period considers the time value of money. The payback period does not factor in the discount rate, which means that a company might accept a project with a longer payback period over one with a shorter payback period but a higher discount rate. In capital budgeting, the payback period is defined as the amount of time necessary for a company to recoup the cost of an initial investment using the cash flows generated by an investment. The discounted payback period has a similar purpose as the payback period which is to determine how long it takes until an initial investment is amortized through the cash flows generated by this asset. One of the disadvantages of discounted payback period analysis is that it ignores the cash flows after the payback period.

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By showing the time it will take an investment to break even while discounting future income to present value, the discounted payback period can be used to compare different investment opportunities. Using this calculation, future cash flows will be estimated and then discounted to their present value. Another method to simplify the calculation when cash flows are even is to use a table for the present value of annuity factor in order to solve n. The need to solve for n in the present value of annuity formula will be further explained in the following section.

According to this method the initial investment would be recovered in 3.15 years. As in the case of the PP, the DPP shouldn’t be used as a measure of investment project profitability. It considers both profitability and time value of money to calculate the discounted payback period. The major problem with using this payback period is that it does not give the manager the exact information required to decide on investing in a project. The business manager has to assume the interest rate or the cost of capital to determine the payback period.

Benefits And Limitations Of Discounted Payback Period Calculation

After computing the discounted cash flows, they can be subtracted from the initial cost amount until the initial cost of the project is paid off. Rick is considering purchasing a second car wash using the money he’s made from the one he already owns and operates. As part of his capital budgeting process he will want to determine how profitable a second location could be before he commits to making the purchase. He needs to know how long it will take to make up the costs of buying the second location. Let’s look at how to apply the discounted payback period formula to determine the break-even point and how it offers an advantage over using an ordinary payback measurement. When the cumulative discounted cash flow becomes positive, the time period that has passed up until that point represents the payback period.

This is not as much a formula, as a way of explaining that the discounted cash flow method discounts each inflow until net present value equals zero. And accuracy, this method is far superior to a simple payback period; because in a simple payback period, there is no consideration for the time value of money and cost of capital. The initial outflow of cash flows is worth more right now, given the opportunity cost of capital, and the cash flows generated in the future are worth less the further out they extend. The discounted payback period is a good alternative to the payback period if the time value of money or the expected rate of return needs to be considered. This concept states that money would be worth more today than the same amount in the future, due to depreciation and earning potential.

The Difference Between The Payback Period And Discounted Payback Period

• b.Define the term ‘internal rate of return’ and use a spreadsheet to calculate this for the project. Then investigate the rate of return as a function of landfill charges. Differentiate between discounted Net present value and Internal rate of return. Finally, the percentage is converted in months (e.g., 25% will be 3 months, etc.) and add the figure to the last year to get the final discounted payback period value. Because of this, the analysis does not provide managers or investors any information about the profitability of the investment after the payback period or how worthwhile the investment is as a whole.

Discounted Payback Period

For the most thorough, balanced look into a project’s risk vs. reward, investors should combine a variety of these models. In this case, the payback period would be 4.0 years because 200,0000 divided by 50,000 is 4.

One observation to make from the example above is that the discounted payback period of the project is reached exactly at the end of a year. In other circumstances, we may see projects where the payback occurs during, rather than at the end of, a given year. Since the project’s life is calculated at 5 years, we can infer that the project returns a positive NPV. Break-even point, E, where the rising part of the curve passes the zero cash position line.

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The following business case is designed for students to apply their knowledge of the Discounted Payback Period technique in a real-life context. Try it now It only takes a few minutes to setup and you can cancel any time. Discount On Bonds PayableDiscount on bonds payable is the markdown value of a bond’s coupon rate or selling price compared to its market interest rate or fair value. The purpose of this part is to find out the proportion of how much is yet to be recovered.

Rosemary Carlson is an expert in finance who writes for The Balance Small Business. She has consulted with many small businesses in all areas of finance. She was a university professor of finance and has written extensively in this area.

  • On the other hand, negative cash flow such as the payment for expenses, rent, and taxes indicate a decrease in liquid assets.
  • Management might also set a target payback period beyond which projects are generally rejected due to high risk and uncertainty.
  • Moreover, neither time value of money nor opportunity costs are taken into account in the concept.
  • To calculate variable B—the investment’s remaining balance—you would take the total amount invested and subtract the sum total of each period up to and including variable W.
  • The project with the shorter discounted payback period is more financially viable.
  • We learned that one of the drawbacks of payback period is that it does not consider time value of money.
  • More commonly, we use them to check if we will recover our outlays on a project before an arbitrarily assumed date.

When we convert this figure into months, we find that the discounted payback period is 3 years and 9½ months. The project is forecasted to provide returns of $1,500 each year for the next four years, and the discount rate is 5%.

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Discounted Payback Method

Payback period is used not only in financial industries, but also by businesses to calculate the rate of return on any new asset or technology upgrade. For example, a small business owner could calculate the payback period of installing solar panels to determine if they’re a cost-effective option. Note that the discounted payback period is more than the simple payback period. Because we cover the negative cash flows related to the project sooner.

Discounted Payback Period

Each investor determines his/her own discounted payback period rule and, as such, it is a highly subjective rule. In general, however, short-term investors use a short number of years, or even months, for their discounted payback period rules, while long-term investors measure their rules in years or even decades.

By incorporating this method and other methods, the managers can arrive at the right decision and know the exact risk involved in a project. The discounted payback period gives Rick the amount of time it takes in years to break even after buying the second car wash. The formula accounts for the time value of money by recognizing that a dollar earned today is more valuable than a dollar earned years in the future. This is accomplished by applying a discount rate, or percentage reduction to the business’s cash flow. The discount rate is the amount of return Rick could get by using that money elsewhere. If he could expect to return 10% in the stock market, for example, instead of purchasing the second location he would use a 10% discount rate.

The difference between both indicators is that the discounted payback period takes the time value of money into account. This means that an earlier cash flow has a higher value than a later cash flow of the same amount .

If the payment is made in less than 5 days, then 6% will be deducted from the actual payment amount. On the other hand, payback period calculations can be so quick and easy that they’re overly simplistic.

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